Binocular vision is something all human beings have, and it’s one of the most common things that can go wrong with our vision. Binocular vision problems come with a variety of symptoms and can have serious effects, but they can also be treated. Microprism Optics is a leading binocular vision specialist in Melbourne, here to teach you all you need to know about binocular vision.
Binocular vision is held by animals with two eyes capable of facing in the same direction, including human beings. Using two eyes at once allows us to perceive a single three-dimensional image of our surroundings instead of two eyes producing separate images, because of an overlap between the scene perceived by two eyes. That’s why there is no gap in the middle of our vision! When you have ideally functioning binocular vision your eyes are perfectly aligned and completely synched with each other, so they send one focused picture to your brain. But sometimes, this isn’t the case.
There are lots of problems associated with binocular vision. Binocular Vision Dysfunction is one of the most common vision problems we get. This happens when our eyes are not coordinated and synched enough, resulting in two images being transmitted to the brain. Because the eyes are in different positions, the images are slightly different. The brain then tries to realign our eyes, which is only temporary and again ends up with misalignment, leading the brain to try to realign again. It’s an endless cycle. Some binocular vision disorders include esotropia and exotropia (cross-eyed or wall-eyed), convergence insufficiency (double vision), refractive (near- or farsightedness in one or both eyes) and strabismic (misalignment of the eyes).
There are lots of disorders and symptoms included under the more general term of Binocular Vision Dysfunction. These issues can lead to difficulties with driving, reading and sleeping and have a negative impact on your life. Symptoms can vary in severity, but a lot of people with binocular vision dysfunction experience anxiety and frustrations regarding their everyday difficulties. Symptoms of Binocular Vision Dysfunction include:
You’ll be pleased to know that there are treatments for all these issues. While binocular vision disorders are often misdiagnosed, finding the right professional and getting the correct diagnosis will allow you to get access to a variety of treatments. Binocular vision training is a common method of treating amblyopia, which includes refractive and strabismic issues, also known as lazy eye. Other methods of binocular vision treatment include micro-prism lenses, which are regular eyeglass lenses infused with ground prism, or a pair of reading glasses. There’s a wide range of treatment options available that can help reduce your symptoms and vastly improve your vision.
If you’re experiencing any of the binocular vision symptoms just listed, consult a specialist like Microprism Optics to discuss your options.